Indonesia Historical Sites

The famous landmarks and the popular historical places of Indonesia create a mood of th...


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Indonesia Historical Sites

There are many historical sites spread throughout Indonesia. The historical places of Indonesia on the whole give an idea and insight of the cities past, its culture and the lifestyle of the people of another era. The famous landmarks and the popular historical places of Indonesia create a mood of the place and the period.

Temples

The word 'candi' (temple) refers to buildings of various shapes and functions, such as a worshipping place, a religious teaching center, a funerary place for keeping ashes of kings, a dwelling place of the divine, a royal bathing place, or a gateway. Although temples once served many functions, they were built mostly to accommodate Buddhism or Hinduism religious activities.

The existence of temples is inseparable from the history of Javanese kingdoms and the development of Buddhism and Hinduism in Java from 7th century to 14th century. Temples are still a common sight in many places in Indonesia, most of which are located in Central Java, Yogyakarta, East Java and Bali. While most of the temples have fallen into ruin, some still survive and even retain their function as a worshipping place.

Candi Borobudur in an example and is also one of the most famous historical sites since the pre-colonial era. In addition to that, Candi Prambanan and the Candi Arjuna complex in Dieng are also examples of historical sites in Indonesia. All of the aforementioned sites are located in Central Java. In East Java, Candi Trowulan is one example, most temples located in East Java were built later than temples in Central Java and Yogyakarta, since the former were constructed by kingdoms such as Kahuripan, Singasari, Kediri, and Majapahit, which were the successors of Mataram Hindu Kingdom when its era was over. There are several temples located in Sumatra Island, Portibi Temple in North Sumatra Province and Muara Takus Temple in Riau Province, while Candi Muaro Jambi in Jambi, they are examples of such sites outside Java island.

Borobudur is a magnificent ancient temple rising from lush jungles is a visual representation of the Buddhist universe. It is the largest Buddhist Temple in the world. It is about 25 miles northwest of the old Indonesian city of Yogyakarta, which is in Central Java.

Prambanan is the largest Hindu temple in Indonesia and is located east of Yogyakarta. It was built in the 10th century either by Rakai Pikatan, king of the second Mataram dynasty or Balitung Maha Sambu, during the Sanjaya dynasty.

Besakih Temple located in an active volcano, Mt. Agung is a highly sacred mountain that is home to Pura Besakih, the Mother Temple of Bali.

Pura Tanah Lot best known for its magnificent silhouette at sunset, this 16th-century temple occupies a picturesque location on a tidal island.

Pura Tirta Empul is a thousand-year-old temple centered around a pool fed by a sacred spring created by Indra.

 

Historical Buildings

There are also historical buildings from the colonial era, which is recognizable from their original architecture which is maintained to this day. Museum Fatahillah in Jakarta, Gedung Sate in Bandung, and Lawang Sewu in Semarang are just examples of colonial era historical sites. Some of these sites also witnessed the struggle for Indonesia’s independence during that era. Some examples include President Soekarno and Mohammad Hatta’s exile location in Bengkulu, Bangka, and Banda Neira. Moreover, there are also historical sites from the World War II era, such as the one located in Morotai, North Moluccas.

Vredeburg Port built by the Dutch in Yoyakarta, Central Java, in 1760, Vredeburg Port was initially named Rustenberg Port.

Fort Rotterdam of Makassar was built in 1545 by the 9th Sultan of Gowa called Tunipallangga Ulaweng, and was originally called Fort Panyyua.

Koningen van Oosten (Queen from East) – Jakarta Old City is one of the famous tourist attractions in Jakarta. It was the center of Batavia (former name of Jakarta) during the 18th century. Now it’s a popular place for filming and photography activities.

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