Language & Conversation in Indonesia

Indonesia has hundreds of languages throughout the archipelago of 13,000 islands. Bahasa Indonesia or Indonesian language is implemented throughout the whole archipelago after Indonesian gained independence from the Dutch in 1945 on 17th August. The Indonesian name for the language is Bahasa Indonesia, literally "the language of Indonesia". This term is occasionally found in English but sometimes called "Bahasa" by English speakers, though this literally just means "language".

Most formal education, as well as nearly all national media and other forms of communication, are conducted in Indonesian. Aside from speaking the national language, most Indonesians are often fluent in another regional language, for examples include Javanese, Sundanese and Madurese which are commonly used at home and within the local community. In East Timor, which was an Indonesian province from 1975 to 1999, Indonesian is recognized by the constitution as one of the two working languages, other being English that alongside the official languages of Tetum, rooted from Austronesian language and Portuguese.

Indonesian language is one of the easiest oriental languages to learn, which uses the Latin alphabet with almost the same phonetic value as in Spanish. The grammar is of simple morphology, so there is no declination or conjugation, there is no gender or number and there is no concordance between them. Verbal tenses do not exist and word accentuation is free.

Basic Indonesian is easy to learn. A few shortcuts to the perfect Indonesian: Always stress the second last syllable, for example "Tenggara". "Ng" is pronounced as in song. "Ngg" is pronounced like "ng" plus a "g". For those of you that have tried to learn German articles, French tenses, or Thai pronunciation; you will love Indonesian. Many travelers manage to learn enough Indonesian to get by in just a couple of months.

General Conversation

Hi - Hai
Good morning - Selamat pagi
Good evening - Selamat malam
Welcome (to greet someone) - Selamat datang
How are you? - Apa kabar?
I'm fine, thanks  - Baik, terima kasih
And you? - Dan kamu?
Good/ So-So - Baik / Biasa saja
Thank you (very much) - Terima kasih (banyak)!
You're welcome! (for "thank you") - Terima kasih kembali
Hey! Friend! - Hei! teman!
I missed you so much - Saya/ aku sangat or Saya/ aku merindukan mu
What's new? - Ada kabar baru?
Nothing much - Tidak banyak
Good night - Selamat malam
See you later - Sampai jumpa
Good bye - Selamat tinggal
I'm lost - Saya tersesat
Can I help you? - Bisa saya bantu?
Can you help me? - Bisa bantu saya?
Where is the (bathroom/ pharmacy)? - Kamar (mandi/apotik) dimana?
Go straight! then turn left/ right! - Lurus terus! lalu belok kiri/kanan!
I'm looking for john - Saya mencari John
One moment please! - Tunggu sebentar!
Hold on please! (phone) - Tunggu sebentar!
How much is this? - Ini harganya berapa?
Excuse me (to ask for something) - Permisi
Excuse me! (to pass by) - Permisi
Come with me - Ikutilah saya

Indonesian Language Course

Wisma Bahasa
Address: Jl. Affandi, Gg. Bromo # 15A, Mrican, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia.
Tel: +62 (0) 274 561627 / +62 (0) 274 520341
Mobile: +62(0)274 7478518  / +628175451406
Email: info@wisma-bahasa.com; info2@wisma-bahasa.com; cro@wisma-bahasa.com
Website: http://www.wisma-bahasa.or.id/
 
IALF Bali
Address: Jl. Raya Sesetan 190 Denpasar Bali 80223
Tel: +62 (0) 361 225 243
Email: ialfbali@ialf.edu
Website: http://www.ialf.edu/learningindonesianinbali.html
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