North Sumatra Culture

consists of various tribes and people, such as Bataks, Mandailing, Malays, Deli and tri...


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North Sumatra Culture

North Sumatra consists of various tribes and people, such as Bataks, Mandailing, Malays, Deli and tribes from Nias Island, off west coast of Sumatra. These tribes and people have their own language and dialects, various faiths, arts and cultures. There are also immigrants from India and China in Medan, capital city of North Sumatra, brought by European collonist. Dutch administration came in the end of 18th century to pacify the region after many missionaries reported about cannibalistic practice in North Sumatra. Bataks custom to keep human skeleton remains believed at first as part of mystical power ritual, but modern anthropologies now believed them as ancestor worship. The Sultanate of Deli, founded in 1630 left a fabulous legacy, the Maimun Palace in Medan. The palace is commissioned by Sultan Makmun Al Rasyid Perkasa Alamsyah in late 19th century and designed by an Italian architect. The palace has unique architecture and interior design influenced by mixed cultures from Malay, Islam, Spain, India and Italy. Off the west coast is Nias island, with their unique megalithic culture and famous among surfer for it waves. This province is also home of Lake Toba, biggest lake in Southeast Asia, created form a super volcano eruption 74000 years ago. The eruption created a 100x30 square kilometers crater, turns into a lake with an island, Samosir in the middle of it.

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